Traditional Marriage In Islam

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On the other hand in the traditional concept of marriage in Islam was a ‘matrimony contract’. Preceding Islam era, marriages were in forms of marriage by agreement, marriage by capture, marriage by purchase, marriage by inheritance and muta marriage. One of the most unusual practices that took place was that if a husband died, his son could inherit his wife (his own mother) to be his own wife. Marriage by inheritance, incestuous relation between a son and his own mother was "a widespread custom throughout Arabia. If the son of a deceased husband (his deceased father) did not want his wife (own mother), the woman was forced to leave her home and live in a hut for one year. The hut that the women lived in was kept dark with very poor air circulation.…show more content…
The salient feature of Zoroastrian social organization in the earlier period was the patriarchal agnatic family, in which the master of the household was succeded by his wife. Members of the family, usually an extended family, who were related either by kinship or by affinity, through marriage, adoption ,marriage by proxy, were bound by a highly developed set of legal prescriptions, as well as by a strict moral code and a strong set of conventions. Even the relationship between master and bondsman was controlled by established rules and restrictions and patriarchal tradition. In Zoroastrianism there were essentially two types of marriage ‘with authorization’ and ‘irregular forms’. Authorized marriage was the legal union of a husband and wife; it may be interpreted as "legitimate" wedlock. This type required the authorization of the father or guardian of the bride, as well as a detailed marriage contract. The ancient custom of receiving a sum of two thousand drahms as security for the bride, a euphemism for marriage portion, was observed. It may be surmised that among the upper classes the marriage portion was not restricted to this traditional sum but also included movable or real property transferred to the bride's family in return for a rich dowry .Such transactions have been the primary reason for preferring marriage with kin, in order to prevent property from leaving the family. In contrast to this the other form of irregular types; proxy marriage; the common feature of which was the bride's disregard for her father's sanction, is defined briefly as a daughter who marries on her own. It is the case when a man has a daughter who has become of marriageable age and her father is guilty of keeping her in the house (i.e. he does not give her in marriage), and the maiden takes to herself a guardian without the sanction of the father and marries

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