Syntactic Language

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This chapter overviews the theoretical part of the study. This part reviews the literature of pragmatics, communicative competence, and syntactic knowledge. It also provides empirical research about syntactic knowledge and how it relates to the current research The increasing significance of intercultural communications has pushed the researchers to focus on the pragmatic mechanisms to explore effective communication. A huge attention has been recently dedicated to cross-cultural pragmatics and intercultural problems. Recently, pragmatics has become a significant branch of linguistics. According to Crystal (2004), pragmatics is “ the study of language from the point of view of users, especially of the choices they make, the constraints…show more content…
Such context-based language involves the usage of language appropriately in social situations and using the right communicative behavior. The past researches have informed that even learners who have developed a sense of language can encounter problems in having the sound communicative behavior and this leads to a communicative failure or pragmatic failure (Bouton, 1994). Thus, cross-cultural communication is a mix of grammatical competence, textual competence, and pragmatic competence (Kasper & Schmidt, 1996). Cross-cultural pragmatics deals with native speakers’ production in different languages. According to Kasper (1992), cross-cultural pragmatics examines how language users who come from different language backgrounds use language. In others words, cross-cultural pragmatics can be described as the study of the similarities and differences of language use in different cultures. One of the most common issues in the domain of Cross-cultural pragmatics is the study of speech act realization which explores who how speech acts are realized in the different languages (Blum-Kulka & Olshtain, 1984). Cross-cultural pragmatics is challenged with the notion of universality and how language differs from one culture to another. Syntactic knowledge is of a prime significance in language acquisition. Language acquisition is the process through which individuals can understand and use language and their ability to produce sentences and words that enable them to communicate with others. Language acquisition is a characteristic of humans only and nonhumans do not use language. There is always a distinction between first language acquisition that deals with the acquisition of the native language and the second language acquisition that deals with the acquisition of additional

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