Sustainable Development Model

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The ladder of sustainable development reflect to the level of policy options, the different level would show the different belief and promotion of sustainable development. The main theme to classify the level of sustainable development in a policy need to focus on the philosophy, which look about is the policy closer to anthropocentric or ecocentric. This is the biggest different between four models. Based on their belief, there would be differences on their values towards nature, resources use, and policy making. First of all, according to Kirkpatrick, nature is only valued on what it advantage to human in the pollution control approach level. This model focus on market-led growth, and exploit the resources for develop. In this level, it…show more content…
It emphasize strict limits on how much human capital can compensate depleting natural capital (Chow, 2015). Also natural capital cannot not be substituted by human capital because it should be preserved for sustainable development. About the growth, it focus on changing the patterns and levels of consumption, and shift to qualitative growth. Moreover the social issues like poverty need to be consider. To support the sustainable development, multi-international government to local should be participate in the policy making, and the policy not only include environmental policy, but also interact with other aspects. This model is ecocentric than the two models before, it focus on nature resources and continue to develop economy in a green way. Last but not least, the last model is the ideal model, this model is most ecocentric and impossible to achieve. It target on a structural change in society, economic and political systems (Baker, 2006). Moreover the global human population and global economy should be reduce, all species is equal to human. In the decision making process, authority should be decentralized, and environment have precedence in the…show more content…
611) in Hong Kong. According to the Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department, the ordinance effective on 15 December 2011, the ordinance aim at deal with the environmental problem come from the vehicles. Vehicles cause air pollution, heat and noise nuisances and wastes fuel when the engines is run, it also contributing to global climate change. Under the ordinance, the driver of the vehicle is prohibited from causing engine for more than three minutes in aggregate within any continuous sixty-minute period while the vehicle is stationary. This ordinance show the models pollution control approach and weak sustainable

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