Challenges Of Sustainable Development

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Introduction Sustainable development is a concept that emerged in the context of a growing awareness of an impending ecological crisis. According to the Brundlant report (1987; 43), “sustainability is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Scholars and government diplomats have tried to come up with the key understanding of what sustainable development is about, what led to the issue and what measure should be implemented to make sure that humans, non-human and the environment develop successfully together without posing a threat on one another. Sustainable development is quite vital when it comes to the survival of the human species. Therefore, this…show more content…
The UNCHE proclaimed that the protection and improvement of the human environment as a major issue which affects positively the well-being of people’s economy throughout the world. Further, called for people and government globally to transform their surroundings through developing the quality of life in a sustainable manner. That call was a result of the ecological imbalances of the biosphere, because of the disruption of the environment through polluting the air, water and deforestation to say the least. The UNCHE at Stockholm also noticed the difference in environmental problems affecting the developing and industrialised countries. The document provide by the UNCHE stipulates that in developing countries the sustainable problems stem from the fact that they are underdeveloped, thus, resulting in inadequate food, clothing shelter and education to say the least. Further, the UNCHE alled on the industrial countries to aid developing counties incentives to bridge the capital and infrastructural gap that existed between the two. Moreover, the industrial countries’ entry to the environmental issues the result of their harmful emission to the atmosphere, thus calling for them to minimise the industrial and technological developments to the environment. In addition, the UNCHE hugely declared for preservation and improvement of human…show more content…
Furthermore the argued that poverty as well as excessive consumption by affluent populations place damaging stress on the environment. Governments recognized the need to redirect international and national plans and policies to ensure that all economic decisions fully took into account any environmental impact. And the message has produced results, making eco-efficiency a guiding principle for business and governments alike. Thus, leading to the adaptation of Agenda 21 and the emergence of Mainstream Sustainable Development (MSD). In the ensuing decades, mainstream sustainable development thinking was progressively developed through the World Conservation Strategy of which this paper will focus more on it in the second section. For the Brundtland Report (1987)6 , and the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio (1992), as well as in national government planning and wider engagement from business leaders and non-governmental organisations of all kinds. Over these decades, the definition of sustainable development evolved. The Brundtland Report defined sustainable as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet 2 their own needs’6 . This definition was vague , but it cleverly captured two fundamental issues, the problem of the environmental degradation that so commonly

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