Role Of Stakeholders In Tourism

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The Tourism Stakeholders Annuar, Ahmad, Jusoh, and Hussain (2012, as cited from Pavlovich, 2003; Gunn, 1994) discussed that stakeholders in tourism destination refers to tourists (as the demand), industries or business sectors (private sector/ suppliers), hosts (local community and environment), and the public sectors. These stakeholders have their respective roles in shaping and ensuring sustainable tourism destinations. Tourists According to the International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics (2008, as cited from United Nations World Tourism Organization, 2014), a tourist is defined as an individual who travels or visits a destination for the purpose of recreation that could either last one day trip, or an overnight stay. Tourists could…show more content…
Thus, the private sectors are composed of the food and beverage, shopping and entertainment, hotels, tour operators, Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Events (MICE), and others (Anuar et al., 2010; Jamieson, 2012). Anuar (2010, as cited from Gunn, 1994) clarified that spaces, activities, and products created by the private sector include theme parks, shopping centers, resorts, golf courses, theaters, souvenir shops, and tourism agencies. The Trade Union Development Cooperation Network (2011) stressed the emerging involvement of the private sector as a trend in terms of influencing policies for development. A cluster of bilateral aid agencies, consequently, communicated their position in an official proclamation stating that as opposed to thinking of the private sector essentially as a contributor, they perceive it as an equivalent accomplice around key improvement issues (Kindornay & Fraser, 2013). Development organizations progressively attempt to construct their activities with respect to the contributions of third parties, most likely referred to as donors. These donors tend to seek involvement with private sectors due to the belief that promotion of growth and combating poverty are more efficient with the presence of these companies (TUDCN,…show more content…
Salazar (2012) defined community as not only a locality, such as a village community, but also a network of relationship. The municipality is divided into 31 barangays, and as of the 2015 census, it has 24,866 total population (“Ilocos Norte,” 2015). Likewise, the municipality of Sta. Maria is divided into 33 barangays with a total population of 30,321 (“Santa Maria,” n.d.). Lastly, the municipality of Vigan is divided into 39 barangays, and as of 2015 census, it has 53,879 total population. Stylidis, Biran, Sit and Szivas (2014) explained that the local residents’ support and cooperation are both important for the success and sustainability of any tourism development projects and management plans because the understanding of the residents’ views have a high relevance for local government decision-making, policy makers, and even to

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