Respiratory Infection Case Study

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INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background:- Acute respiratory infection are infection in any area of the respiratory tract, including nose ,middle ear, throat(Larynx), wind pipe (trachea), air- passages( bronchi or bronchioles) and lungs with the duration less than one month. Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is considered to be one of the major killers of children worldwide, particularly in developing countries. About four million deaths are caused by ARI worldwide and in South East Asia alone, every year 1.04 million children die of ARI (WHO1997). ARI is globally spread, although it has differing impacts between developing and developed nations. In both developing and developed countries, most children under 5 years of age experience between 4 to 6 episodes of ARI annually (WHO, 2006). Whereas in the industrialized nations 1% to 3% of the deaths in children under 5 years of age are due to pneumonia, in developing nations pneumonia is responsible for 10% to 25% of deaths in children under 5 years of age. Health services access can serve to explain this disparity, due to the fact that ARI is one of the principle reasons for medical consultations and hospitalizations in the developing countries.…show more content…
( WHO fact Sheet, Nov,2010). In Nepal, it is a leading cause of death among the young, the old, and the chronically ill. Every year around 10, 000 children under 5 years of age die of pneumonia. (The Himalaya Times, Nov. 12, 2010) .Pneumonia is most common form of acute respiratory infection and one of the most common causes of child mortality and morbidity. The incidence of pneumonia is highest in young children, especially below 5 years of age. Pneumonia is the largest single killer disease of children under 5 years of age around the

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