Resin In Agarwood

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Aquilaria Malaccensis is the main producer of agarwood and this species has largest population in Malaysia. The resinous part of Aquilaria genus is more recognized as Agarwood, Gaharu, Aloeswood, Eaglewood, Jinkoh and Oud (Nor Azah et. al, 2014). The term agarwood is commonly used to refer to the resinous heartwood from the Aquilaria trees. Agarwood is a resinous wood substance that is produces by the trees as a non-specific host response to wounding, insects or microbial invasion (Mohamed et al., 2014). The production of oleo-resin occur when a tree primary defense mechanism is inhibited due to any attack and it will response to injury by producing the resin which acts as a chemical barrier to attacks by fungi, insects, and others. Not…show more content…
In this research, the heartwood of the trees gets inoculated by a fungus, Fusarium. The trees give response by producing a resin high in volatile organic compounds resin which helps in inhibiting the growth of fungal (Benedict, 2009). The oil is extracted from the fragrant resin found in the agarwood tree trunk. In medicine, perfumery and other aromatic products, the resin and its oil are very valuable for their use. Agarwood oil is a highly prized type of oil due to its unique aroma. The presence of certain chemical compounds has contributed to the unique aroma and quality of the agarwood resin and oil. Sesquiterpenes and chromones have been reported to be the main active components that play important roles in giving the aroma and pleasant odor of agarwood (Hashim et al., 2014). This paper presents a study on identification of agarwood oil compound specifically on Aquilaria Malaccensis. The study is based on GC-MS data on chemical compounds of agarwood…show more content…
Xanthine oxidase inhibitor acts by preventing the biosynthesis of uric acid from purine in the body (Unno et al., 2004) and either by raising the excretion of uric acid or decreasing the uric acid production helps to lower the risk of gout (Umamaheswari et al., 2007). Uricosuric drugs which increase the urinary excretion of uric acid, or XO inhibitors which block the terminal step in uric acid biosynthesis, can lower the plasma uric acid concentration, and are generally employed for the treatment of gout (Terkeltaub, 2009). Allopurinol is known as a synthetic XO inhibitor and moztly used in the therapeutic and clinical management of gout (Nakamura, 1991). However, allopurinol generates superoxide and can cause a rash to some people as they are allergic to allopurinol (Berry & Hare,

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