Recreational Marijuana Crime Rates

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The Legalization of Recreational Marijuana and Its Effect on Crime Rates LIT. REVIEW The United States of America has been identified as a land filled with diversity, with citizens and non-citizens from different parts of the world. Like any other nation there are different political, religious and cultural views that lead to major public opinions. These public opinions somewhat tend to influence bills that are passed and major laws in and country. Purely from a layman’s perspective drugs have been generally been scorned by a great percentage of the world’s population; however, nevertheless the size there is a distinguished population that supports and believes that drugs do more good than harm and therefore should be accepted…show more content…
According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2015, 08; UNODC) drugs in medicine “refers to any substance with the potential to prevent or cure diseases or enhance physical and mental welfare.” However this organization also states that “drug control conventions do not recognize a distinction between licit and illicit drug, they describe only the use to be licit or illicit.” (2015, 10; UNODC). Then drug being researched in this paper is Marijuana, also commonly known as cannabis; and trying to find out if the legalization of recreational marijuana can have a positive or negative spike in crime…show more content…
In the US medical marijuana has currently been legalized in about 24 states including Washington D.C. and in the near future many more states will probably do the same. However, medical marijuana definitely defeats one purpose which is the availability; being restricted to only sick patients or at least persons with particular conditions requiring the drug. Nevertheless, even in the case of medical marijuana, researchers have come to identify that it also plays a role or at least an effect towards crime. A PhD candidate at the University of Virginia, Dr. Catherine Alford researched on “How Medical Marijuana Laws Affect Crime Rates;” she came up with the findings that “allowing for marijuana retail stores (called dispensaries) increases overall state property crime rates by 8.12 percent and increases robbery rates by 10.98 percent. On the other hand, allowing for home cultivation of marijuana has no statistically significant effect on property crime rates and decreases the robbery rate by 10.03 percent” (Alford, 2014). It can be seen through Dr. Alford’s research that the legalization of medical marijuana also has a correlation with crime rates, but the underlining fact here is that when dispensed into society through retail stores there is a shift in property crime here; however, this is probably based on the fact that when drugs are placed in the market especially with limitations,

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