Juvenile Gang Theories

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Within the United States for centuries, there have been a variety of young gangs that are continuously evolving. During the 1980s and 1990s, youth gangs were known as the “most violent drug trafficking operations resembling adult criminal organization,” (Huff, 2002, p 3). The National Gang Center reported that between 1996-2011, the rate of juvenile gang members under the age of 18 in the United States had decreased roughly 15 percent. Based on the results of 2011, juvenile gang members were commonly found in smaller cities and rural counties rather than larger cities and suburban counties (National Gang Center). Gangs are a major distributor of illegal drugs. Common drugs produced and sold by a variety of gangs are cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamines,…show more content…
There are common signs of behavior changes that may indicate youth gang involvement such as skipping school, new group of friends, graffiti, use of hand signals, gang related music and movies. Specific clothing and apparel that resembles gang affiliation are based on the color, style, and the brand. Often, affiliation influences criminal activity in addition to drug and alcohol abuse (NDIC, 2005). Youth gang members are more prone to have an open attitude towards the use of various drugs and alcohol to fit into the gang cultural norm. With the support of many criminological theories, there are several approaches to explain why youth gang members use drugs and alcohol (Sanders,…show more content…
Louis the relationship of both youth and the adult gang relationship between homicides and drug trafficking is tremendously low. A study conducted by the University of California focused the drug trafficking operations of two major Los Angeles gangs, the Crips and the Bloods. The researchers predominantly believed that with the spread of drug trafficking operations gang violence increased dramatically within the two gangs, the Crips and the Bloods. The Chicago Vice Lords is one of the largest youth gangs that use and traffic drugs, although, most drug gangs do not participate in selling. Chicago youth gang drug wars during the late 1980s and early 1990s had an apparent influential relationship with homicides.

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