Qin Dynasty Achievements

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It is understood as the long period of Chinese history that can be called Empire , that is where the current country of China was ruled by an emperor. This stage of history includes governments between -221 appended Qin Dynasty and Qing Dynasty -1912 - , with brief interruptions by civil war or fragmentation of the territory in different kingdoms . In 221 BC, the king of Qin proclaimed himself Qin Shi Huangdi, or the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty. The name derives from this dynasty. The help of a legalist minister whom is Li Si, the emperor unified the patchwork of feudal states in a centralized empire administratively and culturally. Hereditary aristocracies were abolished and their territories divided into provinces governed by bureaucrats…show more content…
A writing system was adopted and its use was made compulsory throughout the Empire . To promote domestic trade and economic integration , the Qin unified weights and measures , coinage and measures of axes . Private ownership of land and tax laws adopted and applied equally . The search for cultural uniformity led the Qin to outlaw many philosophical schools that had flourished at the end of the last period Zhou. The first emperor also attempted to extend the external borders of China. The best known achievement of the Qin Dynasty was the completion of the Great Wall . China was never called "China" but Zhongghuó -Center of the world. Even the name "China" was to medieval Europe, although became known through the stories of the Venetian Marco Polo called Cathay. Qin Shi Huang, eager to limit the power of the nobility, had encouraged the creation of a meritocracy, a gesture that contributed to the success of his military campaigns in their quest to gather all the kingdoms under his authority. The reign of the first emperor of the "Center of the World" opened under the sign of the examiner philosophy inspired by Han Fei Zi. Authoritarian ruler who did not tolerate any contradiction, violently attacked…show more content…
He crushed other pretenders to the throne and proclaimed himself emperor in 206 BC. The Han were formed on the basis unified left by the Qin, changing the policy that had led to his overthrow. The onerous laws were suspended, taxes were reduced significantly and a favorable trade policies that allowed economic recovery was adopted. Liu Bang granted in principle inherited some of his allies and family realms, but by the mid-second century BC most of these kingdoms were reinstated and almost all the Chinese territory was under the jurisdiction of the Han Empire. One of the most important contributions of this dynasty was the establishment of Confucianism as the official ideology; however, in an attempt to provide a comprehensive ideology to the Empire, the Han Confucianism incorporated many philosophical ideas from other schools and popular superstitions used to increase the teachings of Confucius. In the inherited administrative operation of the Qin, the Han emperors followed the Confucian principle of electing the men on the basis of his birth rather than being elected the most qualified merit by written examinations. A late second century an imperial university where future officers were trained in the five classics of the Confucian school was

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