Political Change In Hindi

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In its early period Urdu language became the part of culture and religious life in India was called with different name by the Indian Muslims in the sub-continent as they developed it and used it for their daily needs. Amir Khusro (1253-1325) an eminent poet of that era called it as a ‘Hindavi’. It was also called as ‘Urdu-e-mualla’ or Zaban-e-Urdu (the language of the exalted camp or court). The literary name used for Urdu prose in the 18th century continued to be ‘Hindi’ while Urdu verse came to be called ‘Rikhta’ (literally spilled mortar or building mortar). Mohammad Hussain Azad in his book ‘Aab-e-hayat’ says that ‘‘Rikhta’ is equivalent to ‘spilled’. Many languages have helped Urdu to become richer there…show more content…
These new comer was confined to the province of Punjab and influenced the socio-cultural aspect of the people. In the 12th century AD, the Mughals appeared in North India and settled in and around Delhi. A new political change took place when Delhi was conquered by them in 1193 AD. This political change had a great impact on the social and cultural life of the people because of this a large number of borrowed words entered into the local dialects of Delhi. Baber the first Mughal king, invaded South Asia with a large army comprising soldiers from different countries (Turkey, Arab, Iran, Afghanistan and some other Countries). These soldiers had to face many problems while interacting with one another and hence an urgent need of a medium of communication among them lay the foundation for the emergence of a new language. The newly evolved language containing words from different languages of the soldiers and the word from local dialects (Khari boli, Haryanvi and Braj bhasha) was called during the medial period by various speech communities and during different periods of time as Hindavi, Zuban-e-Urdu-e-Muallah, Zuban-e-Urdu, Zuban-e-Hindi, Hindi, Zuban-e-Delhi, Gujri and Rekhta. The term Urdu (after a Turkish word meaning ‘army’) become popular only when the Mughal emperor Shahajahan built s walled city Shahajahanabad as his capital in Delhi in the year 1639 AD. The market area close to the Royal Fort (Red fort) popularly known as Lal-Qila, was called Urdu Bazaar. However, Urdu emerged as the dominating force replacing Persian gradually in the 18th century

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