Final draft- Creative Writing.
Submitted to- Professor Madhuri Maitra.
Submitted by- Anvi Dadhich (1555)
Indian poetry before and independence has been a debatable topic among the critics. Critics are bifurcated into two groups on the achievement of Indian English poetry, especially. There is group of critics like C.D. Narasimaih and V.K. Gokak who applaud the poetry of Sri Aurobindo and Sarojini Naidu, while critics like Parthasarthy and others have appreciated the poetry of post-independence era (after 1947) and have outright condemned the poetry of pre independence period. According to these critics, there has been no serious poetry written before independence and this poetry was lacking the voice of protest and common mass had steeped more…show more content… She asserts her female identity with self-celebration and a counter-colonial discourse in her poetry:
Why not let me speak in Any language I like? The language I speak
Becomes mine, its distortions, its queerenesses
All mine, mine alone.
In the same anthology, the voice of Kamala Das is also stronger than any other poet of protest who says:
Tomorrow they may bind me with chains stronger than Those of my cowardice, rape me with bayonets and Hang me for my doubts.
Depicting the trauma of oppressions, incarceration and detention during the emergency periods of 1975-77 where the populations felt betrayed as the interests of an individual were placed above the country’s benefit, the voice of protest in a higher crescendo can be listened in the words of Dilip Chitre who opens his poem with a question in a conversational style. His devastation brims in his words:
A patriot beyond question? For all that, you might still prefer to be A traitor among stupid people Trying…show more content… K. Ramanujan speaks of myriad poetic selves which a poet possesses during his encounter with the dynamic context of reality. He hasn’t written particularly Indian poems, but more generalized, and has also through his poetry commented on foreign affairs.
In his poem "Still Another View of Grace” he portrays the picture of hunger:
“ I shudder to the bone at hungers that roam the street Beyond the constable's beat.”
Beyond protesting poetry, in the fifties, we had also found a new form of poetry developing which was short and expressive but free in style. Haiku has to expresses the momentary impression, emotion and contemplation of nature, but Indian writers wrote short poetry, not necessarily on nature.
Example of a Haiku close to my heart-
On a leafless branch,
A crow comes to rest–
Another short form of poetry is Ghazal, both influenced by a religious worldview—Haiku by Buddhism and Ghazal by Islam. One of the most important common feature of Ghazal and Haiku lies in their emphasis on Seize the day. The shortness of these poems is a reflection of Zen philosophy which emphasizes being in the moment. Many of the old poetic forms in Indian languages are short and suggestive, like Doha and barve in Hindi, Obi in Marathi, Boli and mahia in Panjabi and Tirukural in