Pigeonpea Case Study

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INTRODUCTION The world’s most heavily formed nations i.e. India faces problem due to terrible change in valuable things from the natural resources including land, labour, energy, water and climate change. Following environment change and decrease input response, production of high quality food must be increase with application inputs. Task of breeder is very difficult to focus on different quantitative agronomic traits that have potential to increase yield, so as to ensure nutrient food security to growing flow of earth population. As the food production efforts in past in most developing countries preferred cereals production, however issues of protein availability assumes ever greater significance from nutrient point of view. For this, legumes are most important component of diet as they comprise good source of protein that complement well with cereals in terms of nutrient point of view (Saxena et al., 2013). Legumes crops are generally, cultivated under low inputs and risk prone marginal environments, especially in semi-arid tropics regions of the world. Presently, availability of…show more content…
Pigeonpea is an often cross pollinated species with 11 pairs of chromosome and a genome size of 833.07 Mb (Varshney et al., 2012). It is only cultivated food legume of sub-tribe Cajaninae of tribe Phaseoleae under sub-family Papilionoideae of family Leguminosae. It is a short-lived perennial shrub crop which is traditionally cultivated as annual crop in semiarid regions of the world including; Asia, Africa, Caribbean region and Latin America. Considering vast natural genetic diversity available in pigeonpea, it has been assumed that pigeonpea originated in India, and it is considered as primary centre of origin (van der Maesen. 1980). In India, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat are major pigeonpea growing

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