National Security In Nigeria

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Memorandum to: Deputy Senate President of Nigeria (Prof. Joshua Krasna) National Security of a nation state is an integral part of government responsibility for improving and sustaining the all-round security of its citizens by the institutions appropriated and responsible for maintaining internal and external economic, social and political securities of a nation. The Nigerian State Security Services (SSS): An Overview. The State Security Service today is an intelligence organization initially formed for counter intelligence operations and activities. Prior to becoming the SSS, it was a formally organized security service of the outdated 1948 ‘E’ Department of the Nigerian Police Force. It was considered a special branch responsible for…show more content…
The independent organization was different from the Nigerian Police force then due to the Decree’s growing emphasis on professional information procurement methods for the safety of the country . The NSO’s fundamental function was to make sure any information and intelligence gathered on people or organizations involved in activities that threaten the security of the nation and its citizens, was to be precisely analyzed, immediately disseminated and quickly channeled to the appropriate government…show more content…
These offices are overseen by the office of the Coordinator of National Security(CONS) in the office of the president and has overall responsibility for the intelligence agencies. The NSO’s existence for a decade and was in charge of all domestic and international security. However, under Buhari’s first administration, human rights abuses, unjustified detentions arrests without concrete or substantive reasons were seen. Due to that growing maleficence factor, a reorganization and restricting was deemed imminent. However, the assassination of General Murtala Muhammad and Coup d’état attempt by Lieutenant Suka Muka Dimka even reinforced the need to decentralize intelligence into separate services for appropriate functions. According to the Nigerian National Security Act, The State Security Service is responsible for : (a) the prevention and detection within Nigeria of any crime against the internal security of Nigeria (b) the protection and preservation of all non-military classified matters concerning the internal security of Nigeria; and (c) such other responsibilities affecting internal security within Nigeria as the National Assembly or the President, as the case may be, may deem necessary.

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