Insulin Research Paper

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Insulin comes from the pancreas, an endocrine organ. The pancreas is a small organ located just behind the stomach. Inside the pancreas are a few groups of cells, one of these groups being the Islets of Langerhans which are composed of alpha, beta, and delta cells. Alpha cells secrete glucagon and delta cells secrete somatostatin. However, the cells that are affected most by diabetes are the beta cells which produce insulin, C-peptide, Islet amyloid polypeptide (or amylin). Amylin appears to work with insulin regulating the concentration of glucose in the blood stream by slowing the gastric emptying and secretion of glucagon. Insulin is the only known hormone that lowers blood glucose levels. Insulin helps transport glucose to skeletal musclesneeded for active transport of glucose into the cells since the molecules are too big,) adipose tissues, increases glycogen synthesis, decreases gluconeogenesis,…show more content…
E.B. however, unlike normal patients, does not release insulin in response to an increase in blood sugar because his body most likely had an autoimmune response and slaughtered off the every one of his beta cells. Insulin is extremely important because it helps keep the blood sugar in check by “grabbing” the sugar molecules out of the blood and moving them other places (like the insides of cells to be used for energy or converted into adipose) if the sugar molecules are not grabbed from the blood stream, it can cause damage to organs like the kidneys and eyes by “scraping” the sides of the vessels, the heart and arteries by leading to plaque formation, and even nerve damage as the glucose molecules damage the tiny capillaries supplying blood to nervous tissues. C-peptides are also produced by beta

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