Inequality In British Literature Review

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Chapter Two -Literature Review 2. Introduction This chapter reviews the literature related to the Inequality in United Kingdom. Causes of inequality for the Somali community and inequality affect the Somali community in particular. However, the review is conceptualised under the objectives of research and focuses mainly on educational underachievement, employment opportunities and disproportionate community assets. 2.1 Inequality in the United Kingdom The country is currently experiencing increasing level of inequality that is evident in key areas despite the economic growth and several attempts to resist economic recession. Some of the aspects that indicate high level of inequality in Britain include education, employment, health, and poverty…show more content…
It is 21.81 km square and has a population of 220,338 and is the seventh most populated borough in London. In regarding the ethnicity, 73.1 percent of the population is white, while 14.9 percent are from a BME background. 34.0% of the population are Christian, 12.1% Muslim and 4.5% Jewish. Camden has the fifth largest Jewish community of English and Welsh local authorities. However, 25.5% of the population have no religion and 20.5% did not state their religion. There are 22 electoral wards for the municipal council in Camden (Census 2001). Like many London boroughs, Camden operates via a cabinet system, and some committees and sub-committees ensure accountability. In Camden, there are 54 councillors, the majority of whom are Labour, including the only councillor of Somali heritage Cllr Awale Olad. The Conservatives have the second largest representation of 12 councillors. The Liberal Democrats and the Green Party has one councillor each (Ntiri,…show more content…
However, the black and minority ethnic (BME) pupils continue to perform below borough averages. For example, the Congolese students are the consistently the lowest performing BME group out of the key groups (36% compared with 60% achieving 5+ A*-C GCSE including English and maths), followed, in 2011, by black Caribbean (46%). Dorling (2014) proposed, more than 80% of Somali speaking pupils qualify for free school meals and have one of the highest rates of school exclusion and truancy (LBC, 2013). Dorling (2014), in academic year 2012/2013, 64.8% of students who are not eligible for a free school meal achieved 5A*-C grades including maths and

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