Human Trafficking In Malaysia

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1. Introduction There are thousands of people being trafficked and smuggled every day at different borders, continent and city. Human trafficking crisis is the exploitation and abuse of human rights that has been going on for ages. Many of the victims not only have been trafficked, but also exploited in horrendous ways. There were deceived and treated as a slave. Human trafficking however, as refers to United Nations Office of Drug and Crime (UNODC) Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines “Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud,…show more content…
In Malaysia context, human trafficking is an unpopular issue even though Malaysia has been going up and down in Tier list in combating and preventing human trafficking. Tier list as defined by the United States Department of State (DoS) “is a measurement for a country in combating and preventing human trafficking.” Malaysia’s positions on the tier list however has been upgraded from tier 3 to tier 2 watch list as reported by Malay Mail Online (2015) “The United States upgraded Malaysia in an annual report on human trafficking today, despite calls by human rights groups and nearly 180 US lawmakers keep the Southeast Asian country on a list of the worst offenders in failing to suppress trafficking.” Department of State (DoS) classify “tier 2 watch lists is countries whose governments do not fully comply with the Trafficking Victims Protection Acts' (TVPA) minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards. Several other indicators as a country in the Tier 2 watch list are the absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is very significant or is significantly increasing, there is a failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons from the previous year or the determination that a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with…show more content…
The victims have been trafficked for various purposes, for instance forced labor, prostitution and slavery. The awful part was even the victims were exploited and trafficked openly through the internet. According to South China Morning Post (2014), more than 1,000 traffickers were arrested for trafficking babies on the internet. In November 2015, an international operation that was conducted by Europol led to the arrest of 29 suspected migrant smugglers – individuals believed to be part of a sophisticated network of human traffickers leading all the way to Pakistan and not only that, one human trafficking network was also uncovered in Spain after semi-slavery working conditions in Pakistani run restaurants was identified. Individuals worked without pay, holiday or social security in order to pay back their ‘debts’ to the smugglers (The Southern Times). In the same month CNN (2015) has reported that one of the survivors of human trafficking has been raped almost 43,200 times in four years under the hands of human traffickers. It illustrates how terrible a person can be treated in the hands of the traffickers. Malaysia however, was not wrongly claimed to be one of worst offenders in failing to suppress trafficking where, according to the Guardian (2015) mass grave sites was found in Perlis suspected to be the victim of human trafficking that could contain the remains of dozens of Bangladeshi and Burmese Rohingya migrants.

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