How Does Technology Affect Second Language Learning

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Technology and Second Language Learning Li Li Lin Alliant International University May 15, 2009 E-mail: 2 Introduction Current technology provides new opportunities to increase the effectiveness of language learning and teaching. Incorporating well-organized and effective technology into second language learning and teaching for improving students’ language proficiency has been refined by researchers and educators for many decades. Based on the rapidly changing evolution of technology, it is important for language teachers to recognize how to effectively and efficiently integrate technology into their curriculum design for not only helping students acquire second language easily, but also enhancing their motivation successfully.…show more content…
(4) Facilitate Focused Development of English Language Skills A well-designed language learning class should help second language learners effectively develop their English language skills (i.e., listening, speaking, reading and writing), and provide students with multiple opportunities to practice of these skills (Butler-Pascoe, 2003). Appropriate 4 and well-developed websites not only help learners improve their listening skills, but also help them correct pronunciation, advance vocabulary learning, practice speaking ability and strengthen their reading proficiency. In fact, language teachers can incorporate different kind of computer technologies, such as podcasts, blogs, Moodle, Wiki, Skype, or Second Life into their language teaching to best help students develop their English language skills in the classroom alternatively. That is, various technologies provide different advantages for facilitating the development of second language learners English language skills. (5) Use Multiple Modalities to Support Various Learning Styles and Strategies Since different individuals have different learning styles, and language teachers vary…show more content…
Various technological modalities include learner-centered and teachercentered; covert and overt; deductive and inductive; fluency-focused and accuracy-focused; and form-based and meaning-based. With such variety of technological teaching modalities, teachers will be capable to satisfy students’ diverse learning styles. Thus, it is optimistic to see that students’ motivation may be increased, resulting in more willingness to learn a second language. (6) Meet Affective Needs of Students Most EFL students seldom have the chance to speak English and are not completely confident in their English speaking and listening abilities. To aid these barriers, teachers can incorporate technologies such as Podcasting and Skype into the curriculum to successfully socialize students for English speaking environments, develop their confidence, overcome their difficulties, and lower their anxieties and shyness when speaking in front of people. Such technologies also create comfortable and safe settings that enhance self-esteem for students to better develop their language proficiency naturally for use in their daily lives. 5 (7) Foster Understanding and Appreciation of the Target and Native

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