Essay On The Aztec Empire

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I. The Aztec empire established around 1100 CE, with independent city-states. Between the years 1345 to 1521 the Aztec empire was the strongest. Spain conquered the Aztecs in 1521, causing the empire to fall. At their prime they covered almost all of Mesoamerica, Mexico to upper South America. In the fertile valley of Mexico, the Aztecs built their capital city, Tenochtitlan, that was on an island in Lake Texcoco. The city was built in 1325 and had up to 200,000 inhabitants. Prior to the fall of the Aztec empire due to Spanish conquest in 1521, key accomplishments of the Aztec empire were architecture, the calendar, religion, and the arts. II. The Aztec people were very religious and believed in gods and sacrifices. A. The Aztecs had a…show more content…
Montezuma, the last Aztec Ruler, wore a huge headdress made of feathers from over 250 birds. 2. The feathers that the Aztecs used were very vibrant in color. 3. Some fans that the rulers used were intricately made with many feathers to be attached to a bamboo handle. C. The Aztecs did not approve of public nudity with Men wearing loincloths and women wearing loose dresses. These clothes and others were made with cotton, gold, and feathers. D. The Aztecs excelled in art and architecture and were way ahead of their time. 1. Aztec art was purely for religious purposes, not a method of self expression. 2. They would draw, sculpt, and tell stories of the gods and goddesses. They made the sculptures out of limestone and basalt and made colors with pigments. 3. In the center of Tenochtitlan there is a temple including a long stairway leading up to two buildings which were the shrines for the gods Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli. E. The Aztecs based their math system on twenty, which some people believe is because it is the amount of fingers and toes humans have. Single numbers were represented by dots. They counted by 20’s and used glyphs to represent multiples. F. The Aztecs recorded information in writing of symbols and

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