Essay On Saliva

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Saliva plays critical role in the maintenance of optimal oral health and the creation of an appropriate ecologic balance.1 Saliva is one of the most important factors in regulating oral health, with flow rate and composition changing throughout development and during disease.2 Dental caries is an infectious bacterial biofilm disease which is expressed in a predominantly pathologic oral environment. Although acid generating bacteria are the etiologic agents, dental caries has been thought of as multifactorial since it is influenced by dietary and host factors as well. In addition, the role of saliva as a defense system against dental caries is well documented.1 The defense mechanisms of saliva include lubricating the oral tissues, protecting the oral soft tissues from abrasion during mastication, facilitating the digestion of carbohydrates, antibacterial activity against foreign microorganisms, flushing the oral cavity to clear and remove food particles and debris from the tissues, and chemically maintaining an environment rich in calcium, phosphate and acid buffering agents. The latter function has been recognized as…show more content…
This came from the Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from the Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the dimunitive of fenum or faenum, meaning “hay”. Fennel is known as Saunf in Hindi.10 Mature fruit (commonly known as seeds) and essential oil of fennel are used as flavoring agents in food products such as liqueurs, bread, cheese, and an ingredient of cosmetics and pharmaceutical products.11 This plant has traditionally been used for various ailments. It has been used for the treatment of gastroenteritis, indigestion, to stimulate lactation, as an expectorant and to stimulate menstrual flow.4 Tea made from crushed fennel seeds has been used as eyewash for conjunctivitis. For the treatment of infants suffering from dyspeptic disorders, fennel tea may be a remedy of first

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