Essay On Cotton Industry

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Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae. The cotton plant is a shrub, native to the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including the Americas, Africa and India. The world production for cotton is about 25 million tonnes annually, which accounts for 2.5% of the world’s arable land. The first civilization to grow cotton for clothing, sheets and daily uses was the Harappan Civilization, who migrated from Africa to what is modern Pakistan. Eventually production of cotton spread to Mesopotamia, Egypt and Nubia. The Arab traders brought their cotton products to Italy and Spain in the 1st century, which was when…show more content…
This lead to a new developing interest in cotton among the Indian people. As a political statement production of cotton cloth grew. This ‘cottage’ industry became a staple of the country’s rural economy. Khadi became the fabric of the freedom struggle. The khadi people made in home workshops and small-scale factories supplemented the small incomes they earned toiling in the fields In modern, independent India, the cotton industry could, once again, compete on the world market. There is a still great diversity in the traditions and methods used to produce Indian cotton. Weavers often work in close family structures where ancient skills are passed from generation to generation and there is a great pride in the work, the fiber and the rich history surrounding even the most simple cotton fabric. Cotton plays an important role in the Indian economy as the country's textile industry is predominantly cotton based. India is one of the largest producers as well as exporters of cotton yarn and the Indian textile industry contributes about 11 percent to industrial production, 14 per cent to the manufacturing sector, 4 percent to the GDP and 12 per cent to the country's total export earnings. The cotton cultivation in India in stands 12.25 million hectares this year (2014-15) against about 11.5 million hectares last year (2013-14). India is also the second largest producer of cotton

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