Eastern Front Research Paper

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Eastern Front of World War II was a theater of conflict between the European Axis powers and ally against the Soviet Union, Finland, Poland and other allies. These powers have embraced the North, South and Central and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945. This war was known as the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union and in our time in Russia, and in Germany the war was named the Eastern Front Eastern Campaign ( der Ostfeldzug). The largest military confrontation in history made battles on the Eastern Front. These battles were characterized by unprecedented ferocity, wholesale destruction, mass deportations and the massive loss of life, in different ways due to fight starvation, exposure, disease and massacres. Eastern Front, as…show more content…
This has led to the destruction of the Third Reich, the division of Germany for almost half a century and raising the Soviet Union as a military and industrial superpower. Adolf Hitler announced his intention to invade the Soviet Union August 11, 1939 Carl Jacob Burckhardt, the Commissioner of the League of Nations, saying, "Everything that I undertake is directed against the Russian. After 2 years June 22, 1941 without declaring war, Germany attacked the Soviet Union. Germany, supported by its allies: Italy, Romania, Finland, Hungary and Slovakia. Due to a sudden attack of German troops as a result they were able to in the first weeks of the war to drive a wedge deep into Soviet territory. As a result, by the end of the first decade of July Germany invaded Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, a significant part of Ukraine, Moldavia. Soviet counterattacks resistance ended in failure, a large number of soldiers and officers of the Red Army captured. As a result, the battle of Smolensk at the cost of huge losses the Soviet army managed to hold back the enemy offensive outburst and do not let them come down to take…show more content…
The Soviet Armed Forces were once again on the verge of severe tests. Eighth day of May the troops of the 11th German army launched an offensive on the Kerch Peninsula against the troops of the Crimean front. From 14 to 21 May was evacuated about 120 thousand. Man. Part of the personnel not had time to cross to the Taman Peninsula, remained in the Crimea; Many Soviet soldiers joined the guerrilla groups and continued the heroic struggle against the Nazi invaders. Along with the fighting in the Crimea was active fighting in the Kharkov region. There's a counter fierce battle unfolded. The enemy succeeded in encircling part of the South-Western and Southern Fronts. Fighting Soviet troops surrounded lasted until May 29, was very difficult: the Nazi air force dominated the air, we often feel an acute shortage of ammunition, fuel, food. The Soviet Army and the Soviet people to relive the bitterness of defeat and failure. At the end of June 1942 it launched the second major offensive Nazi troops in the East. Which began on June 28-30 offensive army group "South" immediately began to develop not outlined by the plan fascist command. Bursting of Kursk to the Don Army Group "Weichs", supported by a large force aircraft of the 4th Air Fleet, broke through the defenses at the junction of the two armies of the Bryansk Front and by the end of July 2 advanced 80 kilometers. By mid-July break

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