Culture Of Peace

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Chapter One 1. Introduction This is an introductory chapter which contains the background of the study that provides a brief overview of the study at the beginning. It gives hints about the concept of a culture of peace and emphasizes on the roles of education particularly higher education for the building of a culture of peace in Ethiopia. The second part of the chapter deals with the research problem statement followed by the basic research questions. Subsequently, the main and specific objectives of the study are also included followed by the rationale and contributions of the study. The focus of the study is also included in this chapter followed by organization of the dissertation. Finally, operational definitions of key terms are comprised…show more content…
It is also considered as an integral approach to prevent violence and violent conflicts, and an alternative to the culture of war and violence. It promotes the means of dialogue; develop mutual understanding and negotiation among people. Besides, the declaration depicts that a culture of peace is linked to the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, tolerance, solidarity and sustainable development. The development of this culture helps to change the attitudes and behavior of people and cultivate the way for peace, prevent violence and ignorance that have caused many conflicts throughout human history. The building of a culture of peace is based on actions that promote education for peace, sustainable economic and social development, respect for human rights, equality between women and men, democratic participation, tolerance, the free flow of information and disarmament. It is also expected that governments, international organizations and civil societies are responsible to promote and strengthen a culture of peace in the new millennium (UN,…show more content…
Furthermore, Salazar states that it is often the denial of cultural identities that fuels the countless conflicts afflicting the globe, and that prepares and foments the conflicts of the future. Accordingly, article eight of the declaration of a culture of peace posits that a key role in the promotion of a culture of peace belongs to parents, teachers, politicians, journalists, religious bodies and groups, intellectuals, those engaged in scientific, philosophical and creative and artistic activities, health and humanitarian workers, social workers, managers at various levels as well as to non-governmental organizations (UN, 1999a). A culture of peace enables people to live together in harmony, cooperation, understanding and respect. Therefore, many cultural traditions need to be included in any culture of peace concept and it needs to address both peace within cultures and peace between

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