Construction Of Crime

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Crime, which is the breaking of a law, is a social construct. Explain this statement and support your analysis with examples. Crime is commonly known as an unlawful act committed in violation of the law where the state wishes to prevent it, by convictions of the court often resulting in a fine or imprisonment. But according to social constructionists, the definition of crime varies depending on who defines it. Social constructs are used to define notions that are assigned to objects, or events in the environment and an individuals/ group’s interaction with these objects. In the domain of the social constructionists, it is the perspective of an idea that has appeared to be natural to people, due to the social, cultural, political and personal…show more content…
Resulted from a series of decisions by human’s role in reporting crime to the decisions imposed by the courts to the victim (Wayne Morrison, 2010), concepts used in the social world cannot be measured with accuracy, but individuals or groups with power determine it. Crime is in a way, the need to understand an individual’s social reality and how their behavior is different from the norm of the society. On the other hand, interpretations of reality including crime are learned through ways in which people around them perceive and react. Through a series of negotiation processes of studying the behavior from the individual/ groups that enforce the law, crime is brought into existence (Soothill et al. 2002). It isn’t so much the cause of crimes, but is establishing that ‘deviance is not a quality of the act a person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender (Becker, 1963). However the weakness is that social constructs of crime generally lack consensus. In a society with no consensus views, adoption of this view may lead to views of powerful individuals in the society being forced on everyone…show more content…
Only such acts of crimes exist when a public body has judged them according to the accepted norms of the society. Without the state and the criminal law, there would be no crime. When a crime is committed, justice must be done and a community that does not punish criminals is derelict in its moral duties (Gross, 1979). However, social constructs argue that since language and other symbolical systems are social products, crime is a social construct. It is a social choice to recognize such an event as a crime, give the category of a ‘criminal’ to someone who committed the crime. It is not something that has an ontological reality but is the product of criminal policy (Morrison 2006). The social construction of crimes is considered that the government creates crime in attempt to outlaw what is not the norm of the society. In this instance, drug offences are considered crime as the government has placed a law on fact that drugs are illegal. If drugs were not made illegal, the social construct of drug offenses would be

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