Conservation: Conservation And Protection And Importance Of Marine Conservation

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1. Introduction Marine conservation have become an increasing global priority with Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) being widely promoted to protect and restore fisheries and to conserve biodiversity and cultural heritage. MPAs have long been acknowledged as an important tool for protecting and ensuring maintainance of functional marine resources. Surrounding large areas of coastlines with great biodiversity, MPA’s development has direct bearing and concerns to livelihoods, culture and survival of small scale and traditional fishing and coastal communities. However there has been increasing concerns about how MPAs affect local, regional and national stakeholders that are dependent on the ocean for their livelihoods, recreational and overall well-being…show more content…
According to Kenchington et al (2003:4), a marine protected area (MPA) is an area of sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biodiversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means. MPAs include marine parks, nature reserves and locally managed marine areas that protect reefs, seagrass beds, shipwrecks, archaeological sites, tidal lagoons, mudflats, saltmarshes, mangroves, rock platforms, underwater areas on the coast and the seabed in deep water, as well as open water (the water

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