Child Foster Care

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Children placed in foster care, or out of home care, experience many difficulties that may not be experienced by children who are raised in their own home. The children in foster care face uncertainty, insecurity, instability, and a lack of control over their lives. The longer a child remains in foster care, the more likely they are to experience multiple placements, increasing the instability they experience. Constantly being forced to change homes can have lasting consequences on the lives of these children. Current Knowledge of the Problem Gharabaghi (2014) states that when a child moves from placement to placement they often will also have to change schools. This leads to chronic instability in the educational life of the child. As the…show more content…
In 1994, the U.S. General Accounting Office found that one out of every six students had changed schools at least three times by the third grade (Student mobility, 2004). Children in foster care have higher rates of educational mobility. A study by Pecora, Kessler, O’Brien, White, Williams, Hiripi, English, White, and Herrick (2006), found that out of six hundred and fifty-nine foster care alumni, sixty-five percent experienced seven or more school changes. This disruption in the child’s education can have serious consequences. Vacca (2004) points out many of the difficulties that a child may face when they start a new school. There are typically delays in registration, delays in the beginning of any needed remedial services, and many times a student is placed in the wrong courses due to incomplete school records (as cited by Allen & Vacca, 2010). Along with incomplete records, many students fall behind because curriculum and teaching methods vary from school to school (Mehana & Reynolds, 2004). This can lead to a child missing part of the course information because the school they left hadn’t covered it yet, but their new school has already taught it and moved on. Schools do not operate on a standard curriculum, and it is unlikely that different schools will be teaching the same thing at the same time. Each time a student has to change schools during the year, they are likely going to have missed portions of the curriculum. For a child who moves once over the course of their education, this can easily be compensated for. However, for a child in foster care, who is often moved between schools, this will lead to missing more schooling than they are able to catch up on. A study by Chambers and Palmer (2011), states that children lose approximately four to six months of school progress with each change of school. If a child moves more than once

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