Central American Migration Factors

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Name: Professor: Course: Date: The Contact between Native Americans and Other Groups During the 1980s, the US experienced an influx of Central American immigrants, and this brought about a number of issues. This is because a combination of factors contributed to this migration, both internal and external, and political and economic. Internal factors, also referred to as push factors, are factors that occurred in Central American countries that forced citizens to migrate to the US, while the pull factors are the external factors mainly in the US that attracted the Central America immigrants. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between pull and push factors that contributed to this migration because both these factors contributed equally to the migration. Segura (61), states that the main reason for the Central American migration was the crisis that ensued in the region in late 1970s and early 1980s. This crisis made the Central America region become a diplomatic hot spot and it occurred in Central America countries such as Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. The major cause of the Central America Revolution was differences on which political ideology to adopt. The crisis therefore resulted because of fighting between rebel groups that supported either capitalism or communism. In essence, this crisis was a…show more content…
This fighting resulted to violence and instability in the country. Approximately 75,000 people died while thousands fled the country during this civil war. In Guatemala, the civil war began in 1960 and got worse during the ‘70s. This war resulted from the Panzo’s massacre in 1978 and Guatemalans experienced the same kind of violence and instability as its neighbors. As a result, majority of Guatemalans migrated to other stable countries like Panama, Costa Rica and the US. Basically, the civil war in Central America was the main reason for the immigration.(Segura,
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