Assignment: Ancient Rome

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Chris Avetoom Reed History 101 7 September 2015 Roman Assignment Even someone with a passing knowledge of history will know the basics of Roman history or at least have heard of Rome. Today it is a city where the remnants of its ancient civilization still stand amidst its modern metropolis, and the form of government in ancient Rome, that of the republic has served as a foundation for modern democratic nations like the United States of America. All of these stand as a testament to the glory of Ancient Rome and how many of its advancements have history all the way up to the modern era. However it was often beset by civil strife, which ranged from a class battle between the common Plebeians and the aristocratic Patricians to the civil wars…show more content…
Rome was divided into two classes, the plebeians who were the commoners and the patricians who were the aristocrats who held most positions within government. This caused a great deal of tension between the two spheres of Roman society, which sometimes turned into hostility towards the city state of Rome itself, “[…] news came that the Volsci were marching on Rome—news that is said to have caused the common people to cheer and to encourage each other not to fight” (52). When the oppression of the upper class upon the common people becomes so grave that they turn against the state, it truly represents just how horrific the class struggle could be at times. This tension would be something that would cause even greater political strife in the future with the Gracchus brothers. Tiberius Gracchus was born into a distinguished family of plebeians and a famous war hero from the Punic wars. Tiberius became a reformer in order to address crucial problems facing his fellow plebeians, such as the patricians taking advantage of poorer farmers, “[…] the rich landowners used their superior knowledge of the law and their powerful connections to drive the peasants from their public lands, which they then incorporated into their latifundia [plantations]” (142). These patrician landowners who had vast armies of slaves to work their new farmland made a fortune off of this tactic, and were determined to hold onto their newly acquired land. Tiberius’ reform would tackle this

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