Alzheimer's Disease Case Study

864 Words4 Pages
1. INTRODUCTION : 1.1 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) : Frequency of the Neurodegenerative diseases keeps on increasing with increasing age. Neurodegenerative disease is a common term for various conditions because of chronic breakdown and deterioration of neurons(Houghton and Howes, 2005). Alzheimer’s disease is one of the prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Alzheimer’s disease was named after its discoverer Alois Alzheimer in 1906 who is a Bavarian neuropsychiatrist(1-1) Ageing is the main risk factor of a large number of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer`s disease and Parkinson`s disease. Approximately, 5% of people in age 65 years suffer from AD and the pervasiveness of this disease increases with advancing age from 19% to 30%…show more content…
AD is the most wide-spread progressive neurological disorder in men as they proceed 65 years of age and it becomes a serious all-society problem in consequence of advancing of average age. Although the reasons of Alzheimer’s disease are not yet known, most researchers agree that AD, like all other chronic conditions, probably develops because of result of varied factors rather than a single reason. Risk factors for AD are: • age, • gender, • gene polymorphism, •…show more content…
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a serious neurodegenerative disease which can not be cured with remedies developed up to date. But, this prevalence is going to quadruple itself by 2050, by which every 85th human will be living with this disease (viva). This disease primarily affects the elderly people and is a complex, progressive and neurodegenerative disease. AD is estimated to be a cause of dementia in 50-60 percent of people over 65 years of age. However, it is shown evidently that AD can affect individuals as oung as 40 years of age(7). As said earlier AD affects progressively, that is, the disease onsets with mild symptoms, but with time these symptoms become more severe until the patient loses its capacity to carry on with daily life activities. In AD, there is, progressive loss of neurons in the basal forebrain, which is the major source of cholinergic innervations of the neocortex and hippocampus. These changes include progressive and irreversible impairment of cognitive function, which results in mainly loss of memory, with both neurological and neuropsychiatric

More about Alzheimer's Disease Case Study

Open Document