Advantages Of Remote Sensing

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Abstract: Increasing number of cellular towers in Kirkuk city is concerned for affecting the city environment and human health. After 2003, telecommunication industries have erected a large number of towers within residential neighborhoods and above rooftops. This has led to environmental and health problems such as cancerous diseases, the human arteries, stroke and heart attack leading to sudden death. The signal of mobile communication transfers via electromagnetic waves through radio frequency and microwave signals. This signal produces electromagnetic radiation in the form of thermal radiation that consists of harmful ionizing radiation and harmless non-ionizing radiation. This study achieved a mathematical model to produce EMR maps for…show more content…
In addition, there are different types of remote sensing data freely available on the internet that can be used for different applications such as Landsat for estimating earth surface temperature. Remote sensing also is very efficient tool for extraction land use land covers and by integration with GIS, LULC could be mapped very easily using image classification techniques. 1.2 Electromagnetic Radiation Electromagnetic (EM) radiations normally classified into two types; ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation is the higher part of the electromagnetic spectrum that is energetic enough to detach electrons from atoms or molecules. A person under the exposure of ionizing radiation is very likely to experience DNA damage. Non-ionizing radiation is a general term for the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with weak energy that can move atoms in a molecule around or cause them to vibrate, but cannot break atomic bonds on irradiated material. Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range (operating at frequencies between 450 MHz and 2700 MHz), which is only related to non-ionizing radiation (Yilong Lu and Yi Huang,…show more content…
Usually the percentage measure by R2 value which can be calculated by using a statistical equation (eq. (1)): r=(∑▒〖XY-(∑▒〖X∑▒Y〗)/N〗)/√((∑▒〖x^2-〖(∑▒〖X)〗〗^2/N) (∑▒〖Y^2-〖(∑▒〖Y)〗〗^2/N) 〗〗) ……… Eq. (1) The full name is the Pearson Product Moment Correlation or PPMC. It shows the linear relationship between two sets of data. Two letters are used to represent the Pearson correlation: Greek letter rho (ρ) for a population and the letter “r” for a sample. “Analyze it” is a plug in for Microsoft excel is used to statistically analyze the data that prepared before. The correlation analyze then applied to the parameters (EMR that collected from the field, sample points elevation, effected factors and spatial density index. 2. 5 Multiple Regression

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