Wayanad Forest

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General vegetation and forest types Extensive variations in physiographical condition resulted in a wide range of vegetation patterns in Wayanad district. The flora of Wayanad district is characteristic of the Western Ghats. The forest area in the district is administratively divided into Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga, Kurichiad and Tholpetty ranges-344.44 Km2) and other reserve forests. The reserve forest of the district is under two administrative divisions namely Wayanad north (214.29 Km2) and Wayanad south divisions (325.339 Km2). North division constitutes Mananthavady, Periya and Begur ranges, which is dominated by evergreen and moist deciduous forests. South division forms Kalpetta, Meppady and Chedeleth ranges,…show more content…
The northern part of the district is bordered by Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary and Kottiyoor forest range of Kannur district, and the southwest parts are continuous with the Kuttiyady and Vazhikadavu forest ranges of Kozhikkode and Malappuram districts respectively. Evergreen forest is the major forest type in the region. There is a stretch of moist deciduous forests along the state border to the east. These forests adjoining the southeastern side of Wayanad in the old Mysore State had become Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in 1941, and later became the part of Bandhipur National Park. The forests along the northeastern corner of Wayanad, across the Kabani in Karnataka, became the Nagarhola National Park in 1955. At the opposite end in the southeastern corner across the state border in Tamil Nadu, Mudumalai in the Gudalur-Wayanad region was declared as…show more content…
This type of forest is dominated by mainly deciduous tree but lower storeys largely evergreen. During wet season, because of the thick foliage, the canopy looks similar to that of semi-evergreen forests. During January-April, the trees become more or less deciduous but the forests never become deciduous in total. The leafless period varies from a few weeks to five months depending on the species. The families such as namely, Myrtaceae, Lythraceae, Ebanaceae, Teliaceae, Sterculiaceae, Fabaceae, and are well represented in this

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