Universal Rehabilitation Model

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Universal principles client centred rehabilitation Introduction This essay intends, by using examples to explain how the universal principles of rehabilitation fit into a client centred model of personalised care. Rehabilitation encompasses the treatment of physical disabilities and involves the restoring a person’s dignity. There are many challenges and difficulties, physical, mental and environmental which need to be overcome with professional’s assist to support clients to meet their goals and priorities. Principles of Rehabilitation Rehabilitation is defined as the process of restoring a person’s ability to perform daily activities independently (***). Rehabilitation involves a set of planned processes with time limits, defined goals, a…show more content…
With the growing emergence of specialisation areas, health teams are formed dependent upon a client’s needs and health requirements (Higgs et al, 2014). In rehabilitation a patient can have a physician, occupational therapist, physiotherapist, councillor, speech therapist or podiatrist. Teams can be multidisciplinary (independent), inter-professional (collaboration), trans-disciplinary (overlapping) (Crocket, 2015). There are many benefits to having a team of medical experts in a person centred approach where health professionals understand a client’s needs, expectations and wellbeing. The IOM (Institute of Medicine) defines patient-centered care as: "Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values, and ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions" (Institute of medicine, 2012). Client centred care involves setting goals in a collaborative process to set priorities for intervention. A health care professional must understand what is important to the client now and in the future and have an understanding of the clients past. Intervention such as education, manual therapies, skill acquisition, task modification, aid, and setting need to be put in place and individualised in line with the client’s needs and…show more content…
Assessment: Observation of client: Environment Important, Global Assessments: Comparison to gross motor checklists and milestones, Functional Assessment: Look in detail at ability to crawl, sit, and walk. Specific Assessment such as joint range, muscle length, strength, tone. Goals and treatment influenced by any underlying condition and co-morbidities. Intervention: Addressing musculoskeletal issues- muscle length or strength impairment., Addressing low or high tone, Using positioning to encourage normal movement and development, Using sensory input and feedback to drive or modify movement patterns, Encouraging certain movements and activities through games and toys to achieve functional practice, Education to parents and others, Providing expanded mobility options through

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