The Crusades: The Crusades

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Because of the reasons, such as bloody massacres against the Muslim and Jewish residents, social and infrastructural violations, and political pressure the crusades had a devastating impact on the Muslim states and population of the whole Middle East. Large-scale violations and the genocides of the whole population of some cities give us the strong reason to say that crusading activities very destructively shaped the huge part of the population of the Muslim states. Tyreman in his book “The Crusades: Avery short introduction” had a claim that during the crusades, especially, when the Christians reached to the Holy lands in 1097 Antioch and in 1099 Jerusalem, they massacred all the Muslim and Jewish population of these cities (2004).…show more content…
The coming of the western armies to the region destroyed the power balance among the local competitors and resulted with the emergence of new little sultanates. Tyreman acknowledge that while the crusade armies entered the Seljuk lands, in the regions, Turkish military commanders (atabegs), and slave mercenaries (Mamluks) start to think about establishing their independent sultanates (2004). Logical consequences of this situations “in 1250 was the Ayyubid house overthrown by rebellion of one of its Mamluk or slave regiments, which killed the last Ayyubid ruler of Egypt and named one of its own officers, Aybeg, as the new Sultan”(Lapidus, 2002, p.…show more content…
As-Sulami, the great Muslim scholar and also witness of crusading activities in the Middle east in his treatise “Kitab al Jihad” makes a point that jihadism or participation in the holy war is a basic responsibility of every Muslim especially when the Islam is the under threat (Riley-Smith, 2008). This point clearly explains that how the terrible situation in the Middle East made the Muslims to establish their ideological machine in order to unite under one center and survive. Thus, in the consequences of such ideas as Tyreman said “The 12th century witnessed the establishment first of Syrian unity under Zengi of Aleppo and his son Nur al-Din and then of the unification of Syria with Egypt under Nur al-Din’s Kurdish mercenary commander turned independent Egyptian sultan, Saladin” (2004,

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