Sparta Vs Athens Research Paper

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Athens was the front- and- center city-state of Greece. Sparta was named the guardians of Greece for their military. People fight over who is better, Sparta or Athens? What choice will you make? Now when I say, front-and-center, I mean that Athens was the most powerful city state in Greece. But that doesn’t necessarily mean they were better than Sparta. When you think of Greece, you think of Sparta and Athens. Why do our minds go straight to these powerful city-states of Greece? Well, these two places in Greece left a legacy. The power of Athens and military professionals of Sparta, made history. Athens was located near the Aegean Sea. Mountains surrounded them (giving protection from invaders.) Their male children went to school until age twenty. Girls, on the other hand, learned from their mothers.…show more content…
There was a king, senate and citizens (men over 30). The laws were passed by the senate and voted on by the citizens. How did Athens gain so much power? They had a wonderful general, Pericles. Pericles transformed his city’s alliances into an empire and graced its Acropolis with the famous Parthenon. What about Sparta? Sparta was located in a sheltered valley near the Erotas River. Three sides were surrounded by mountains. Their education system was like Athens, but in Sparta after a boy was done with school, you started training in the army. Girls did lots of sports and were athletically trained so you would have strong children. Another difference between them both is that the Spartans didn’t have a democracy. Instead they had a king, who lead the army and had religious duties, overseers, council, assembly and you had citizens. “Never had so many human beings been exiled, or so much human blood been shed”-Thucydides That quote was said during the Peloponnesian war. The Spartans were afraid of the rising power in Athens and this was the start of the Peloponnesian war. The war lasted from 480-479

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