Slang Theories

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The researcher aims to look at the factors that contributed to the evolution and on why millennial words are used in Twitter. This study applies to Slang Words Theory According to Chapman (1988) and Accommodation Theory. According to Chapman in his Slang Theory (1988), there are two types or forms of slang, the primary slang and secondary slang. A. Primary Slang Primary slang is the new speech of subculture members. As people know that slang is by definition always an alternative idiom, to be chosen rather than required. Examples of primary slang are teenage talk and speech of urban street gangs. Primary slang can be detected by contrast, their oral language is often rich, complex, and powerful, and they live by using it effectively. It suggests…show more content…
Examples of blends formed this way are English smog (formed from smoke and fog), vog (volcano and fog), brunch (breakfast and lunch), and Singlish, Taglish, and Japlish from Singapore English, Tagalog English, and Japanese English, respectively. Blending is usually not considered part of i-language. (Richard & Schmidt, 2014) 5. Combining word According to the Dictionary of Applied Linguistics, combining word can form a new word by combining with another combining form, a word, or sometimes an affix. For example, the combining form astr(o)-, ‘star’, can form the word astrology with the combining form -(o)logy, the word astrophysics with the word physics, and the word astral with the suffix -al. Groups of morphemes like the -blooded of warmblooded or the -making of trouble-making are also sometimes regarded as combining forms. (Richard & Schmidt, 2014) 6. Compound…show more content…
Derivation According to the Dictionary of Applied Linguistics is the formation of new words by adding affixes to other words or morphemes. For example, the noun insanity is derived from the adjective sane by the addition of the negative prefix in- and the noun-forming suffix –ity. Derivation typically results in changes of parts of speech. It can be contrasted with inflection, which never changes the lexical category. (Richard & Schmidt, 2014) 8. Invention of a Completely New Word One example of this process is the word fleek which means on point, excellent. The term "on fleek" was coined in 2014 by teenage Vine user Kayla Newman. On her way to a party she referred to her eyebrows as "on fleek." Newman insists that the term wasn't pre-meditated and simply came out of her mouth. (Ranj, 2016) 9. Reduplication According to the Dictionary of Applied Linguistics, this process is repetition of a syllable, a morpheme, or a word. For example: a in Tagalog (a Philippine language) tatlo “three”, tatatlo “only three” b in Malay anak “child”, anak anak “children”. (Richard & Schmidt,

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