Rural Infrastructural Development

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RURAL INFRASTRUCTUR: EMERGING TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVE *Digambar Chand Rural Infrastructural development measures the pulse rate of economic growth and economic development of any region of a state. Tele density, road connectivity in villages, electrified households and permanent houses are changing the landscape in rural areas. Rural income has been changed from traditional sources of farming to non-farm sector. At least one person from farming sector has been employed in service sector by earning regular monthly income and does planned expenditure. Expenditure on food beverages, housing, health, transport and leisure travel, education, clothing and durables and others are the factor of determining growth. “Bharat Nirman “was the flagship programme…show more content…
Alternatively, a stagnant economy may force women into the labour market due to poverty, as the poor can ill-afford to stay out of work. A loose labour market with high unemployment and low wage wages may discourage potential female workers for declaring themselves as job seekers. The women, whose principal activity constitutes domestic duties ,are not considered to be within the labour force, even if they perform certain activities such as free collection of goods (vegetables, roots, fire wood ,cattle feed ,etc.);sewing, tailoring, weaving, making baskets, mats, preparation of cow dung cake etc, for household use ;husking of paddy ,grinding of food grains ,preparation of gur (jaggery),preservation of meat, fish for household consumption and tutoring of children. It may be contended that this assortment of jobs aids to the family’s has been the lynchpin. The government should provide governance and an atmosphere conducive for employment generation rather than provide direct employment. Employment scheme has spin off effect for the farmers due to labour shortage in farm sector. The following recommendations may help in creation of job opportunities in rural areas by infrastructural…show more content…
Farm-yard-manure (FYM), vermin-composts, bio-fertilizers are labour intensive technology.Non-edible wild seed, rich in oil for bio-diesel are emerging important in upland of non –irrigated area, promotion of cultured fisheries, nursery rearing and seed production may also emerge as an important activity for fisherman. Poultry is important to enhance the livestock base. iii. Dairy is one of the important occupations for small and marginal farmers. Precision farming, integrated crop and nutrient management and possible allied activities demand a large number of technical persons in agricultural sector. iv. Low cost ware house, cold storage, market yard within 20 K.M radiuses should be constructed.Farmers should be provided outlet of agricultural product in nearby town to sale their products. v. People will get employment in the lean season, when there is less employment opportunity of work. This will ensure higher number of available working days in a year for the people without extra budgetary support. Government creates the avenues for employment generation opportunities in the state with development of rural infrastructure, which ultimately help to agricultural sector. References : Das, S. (2012). Child labour and child work :Pattern ,Deprivation and Determinants. (A. N.Sharma, Ed.) The Indian Journal of Labour Economics , 55 (2),

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