# Roller Coasters Research Paper

1893 Words8 Pages
Do you like going on roller coasters? This paper will talk about how potential energy is converted to kinetic energy. It will also discuss gravity, velocity and friction. Gravity is a force of attraction that exists between any two masses, any two bodies and any two particles. Newton was so smart that he realized a force called gravity makes an apple fall from a tree, or people and animals survive on the surface of this planet that spins without flying off. Newton’s law of gravity is a mathematical description of the way bodies are carefully looked over to attract other bodies, according to other scientific experiments and observations (What is Gravity?). Newton thought and came to an intelligent conclusion that, in fact, the apple and the…show more content…
Inertia is the property of matter by which it retains its state of rest or its velocity along a straight line so long as it is not acted upon by an external force, and centripetal forces area force that acts inwards on anybody that rotates or moves along a curved path and is directed towards the centre of curvature of the path or the axis of rotation (Dictionary.com). Designers have made coasters that have people lying flat on the train car so the person feels as if a person were flying. Fourth dimension coasters rotate or spin the person’s seat as the ride twists, turns and free falls. When a coaster has been pulled to the top, no more external energy will be added to the roller coaster. The energy the coaster has to complete its trip around the track depends on the potential energy it has due to the coaster’s height at the beginning. The shape of the first hill will help figure out how fast the coaster can safely travel on the track. Think of the coaster as a projectile that moves around through space (How Roller Coasters Work). A projectile is the impelling or driving forward, as a force (Dictionary.com). The shape of a loop determines the speed it will take to safely get around the loop and gravity’s pull that riders feel as they move around the perimeter (How Roller Coasters