Obesity And Diabetes: A Case Study

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1. What is the issue being discussed in the article? Who are the parties involved and what are their interests (in other words, what do they have to gain or lose?)? The issue being discussed is the cost¬-effectiveness of bariatric surgery a (weight loss surgery) in lowering blood sugars of diabetic patients and whether or not it should be available to patients who are not severely obese. The parties involved are Swedish researches, Neovius and colleagues who followed 4,030 patients for about 15 years to determine if weight loss surgery would be an alternative way to reduce healthcare costs in diabetic patients. 2. What is the background and cause of the issue or problem? Why is this phenomena happening? As the article stated, the current clinical guidelines that is implemented in many parts of the world only recommend bariatric surgery for patients who are extremely obese. This leaves out a range of other diabetic patients who do not meet the BMI criteria and whom cannot control their blood sugar through medication and lifestyle changes. The study suggests that the surgery should be considered for diabetic patients who do not succeed at controlling their blood sugar with drugs and lifestyle changes, regardless of their BMI. 3. What is the significance of…show more content…
This is topic is significant to healthy policy because the estimated total economic cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2012 was $245 billion, a 41% increase from our previous estimate of $174 billion (in 2007 dollars).( American Diabetes Association, 2013). Therefore, the surgery offers good clinical and economical outcome for diabetic patients who cannot control their blood sugar through medication and lifestyle changes. The study found “that for people with diabetes, total healthcare costs did not rise in the years following weight-loss surgery, largely because of overall savings from less use of healthcare and medications”( Rapaport,

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