Newspaper In The 20th Century

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From the end of the 17th century to the early half of the 20th century newspapers were the only form of mass media that incorporated daily news on current events. Newspapers became very popular because they were a way for publishers to get out news, current events, their criticism of the government and a way for social movements to be heard. However, at first newspapers were not allowed to voice many of these things. The 1st newspapers were under government control which became an issue in the colonies. To challenge government control of newspapers James Franklin started his newspapers without going through government approval. Franklin started the first press independent of the government in the country. James Franklin’s younger brother, the…show more content…
Russwurm, Samuel Cornish, Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Jane Grey Swisshelm and Ida B. Wells rose up and published newspapers representing their perspective groups that needed a voice. Even with this, newspaper we’re still seeking to widen their audiences. The only problem though was that most people could not afford a subscription to a newspaper. Because of this, in 1833 Benjamin Day dropped the prices of this newspaper to a penny. For the next hundred year newspapers continued to dominate the country, especially in the first 30 years of the 20th century. Newspapers were everywhere and competed for their audiences. The biggest competition between publishers was between Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. They began to try to out-do each other by publishing fabricated and sensationalized stories known as Yellow Journalism. It soon got of hand and is said to play a part in the Spanish American War. In the first half of the 20th century unionization began to spread for newspaper employees, which standardized the wages for the larger newspapers. The 20th century brought newspaper publishers their first competitor that was not each other, it was radio. After radio, a new form of broadcasting was introduced in the 1950’s and it was television.
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