Biodiesel Lab Report

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Biofuel is the name given to fuel for Diesel engines created by the chemical conversion of animal fats or vegetable oils. Pure vegetable oil works well as a fuel for Diesel engines itself, as Rudolf Diesel demonstrated in his engine at the 1900 world’s fair with peanut oil as the fuel. The United State Fuelling stations make biodiesel readily available to consumers across Europe and increasingly in the USA and Canada. This is an indication that biodiesel can operates in compression ignition engines like petroleum diesel without requiring no essential engine modifications. Moreover it can maintain the payload capacity and range of conventional diesel unlike fossil diesel, pure biodiesel is bio-degradable, nontoxic and…show more content…
When the sample burns, the temperature is recorded; the pen sky-martens cup tester measures the lowest temperature at which application of the test flame causes the vapour above the sample to ignite. The biodiesel is placed in a cup in such quantity as to just touch the prescribed mark on the interior of the cup. The cover is then fitted onto the position on the cup and Bunsen burner is used to supply heat to the apparatus at a rate of about 5oC per minute. During heating, the oil is constantly stirred. As the oil approaches its flashing, the injector burner is lighted and injected into the oil container after every 12 second intervals until a distinct flash is observed within the container. The temperature at which the flash occurred is then recorded, it is repeated three times and the average taken. 2.2.8 Determination of Cloud Point and Pour Point: A sample of the biodiesel is placed in a test jar to a mark and then placed inside a cooling bath. The temperature at the bottom of the test jar that is the temperature at which the biodiesel starts to form cloud is taken as the cloud point. A sample of the biofuel is kept in the freezer to about 500oC then placed in a heating mantle to melt. The temperature at the bottom of the test jar that is the temperature at which the biodiesel starts to pour is taken as the pour point. 2.2.9 Determination of Kinematic

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