Kant's Moral Law Analysis

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but also have a sense of justice. The other formulations cannot add to the content of the moral law as it applies to us, what is important here is that, however we interpret them, the second and third formulations must not yield any requirement that is not already accounted for by CI-procedure. Like Silber, moral content in Rawls’ theory is based on his understanding of CI which unifies the formulation of the universal law (C1A) and C1 (C1) or more specifically the CI-Procedure. (CI is an abbreviation for ‘Categorical imperative’ in ‘Themes’). For Rawls the content of moral law is constructed via the CI-procedure, comprised of the unity of C1 and C1A, while the other two formulations, C2 and C3 are omitted. The resulting content derived…show more content…
Now, we reverse the perspective to consider whether Kant could be considered Rawlsian given Rawls’ CI-procedure. In the fourth illustration in the Groundwork, Kant refers to the maxim of indifference in which an agent behaves apathetically to another person’s sympathy and love or is untouched by another’s plight. In Rawls’ view this Kantian maxim cannot be ignored due to the CI-procedure since it places a strong obligation on the agent. Silber reasons that Kant implies that moral agents are obligated to help anyone, including themselves, who is depressed, lonely or lovelorn in response to caring about ‘true human needs,’ an interpretive phrase Kant uses several times in the Metaphysics of Morals. Rawls claims that ‘realizing true human needs’ constitutes only one of six notions of goodness in Kant’s ethical doctrine. Human behavior is born of, in a limited sense, rational self-interest or, in a broader sense, of rational preferences. Reasonableness is not merely a rational decision derived from psychological human needs or a limited sympathy; rather pure practical reason outweighs empirical practical reason. Rawls’ understanding of reasonable needs constitutes a peculiar transcendental concept because the reasonable which primarily consists of the social restrictions and the ideal model of the moral agent who possesses both equality and freedom, requires a designated agent to introduce

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