Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development

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In ‘Cognitive Development’ by Jean Piaget “children construct an understanding of the world around them, then experience discrepancies between what they already know and what they discover in their environment.”(McLeod, 2009). Therefore a child learns new knowledge or skills through experience and reflects on that experience. In Kolb-Learning Styles from a website by Saul McLeod indicates that “acquisition of abstract concepts that can be applied flexibly in a range of situation and the impetus for the development of new concepts is provided by new experiences” (McLeod, 2013). Teachers could use this model to evaluate learning and develop learning opportunities”. This theory has extended learning by a cycle that supports logical sequence. People…show more content…
The students are able to solve the equation as they are already equipped with prior knowledge. Albert Bandura in ‘Social Learning Theory’ stated that “behaviour is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning” (McLeod, 2011). In the main lesson, the teacher demonstrates the activity and the students learn by observing and imitating the teachers’ example to execute the activity. The teaching method used by the teacher when she delegated the task to the students is called the delegator. The activity is interactive because the student needs to communicate with each other to form equation and the differentiation in the activity motivates them to learn. In 1920, Wolfgang Kohler developed ‘Insight learning’ which “abrupt realization of a problem’s solution” (, 2003-2015). Therefore, she used the facilitator method to facilitate the students’ learning during the main activity which requires the ability of the learner to visualize the problem and find solution. “A crucially important aspect of a teacher’s job is watching, listening and asking questions of students in order to learn about them and how they learn so that teachers may be more…show more content…
It enhances critical thinking, creates self-awareness and reflects the learning. Formative assessment monitors learning through constant feedback and correcting students on the spot. It also helps students to evaluate themselves by reflecting on their learning and to develop new skills. Summative assessment is assessed through examination or projects. The use of lapboard at the beginning of the lesson is to reinforce and revise the lesson taught earlier and the use of constructive questioning will enhance and extend the students thinking skills. By using think-pair-share in the main lesson, it creates links between ideas and students will be able to share their opinion on how they learn. The use of thumb signs is to obtain feedback on how well the student grasps the lesson. In plenary, the think-pair-share form of assessment provides challenges to the student as they need to explain how the whole process of the lesson takes place to their learning partner. Peer assessment is used to improve students’ understanding on the lesson based on the rubric set by the teacher. The importance of assessment for a teacher is to reflect on her teaching to find the efficient and effective method for student to engage into learning. An assessment must be designed based on “validity which measures what it is supposed to measure, reliability or replicability which produce the same results on re-test and

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