Incapacitation In The Criminal Justice System

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Historically, removing criminal offenders from society is not a new concept in the criminal justice system. In earlier years, they used banishment to remove unwanted or criminally behaved offenders from the country. During the 1970s, rehabilitation was the primary focus when tending to criminal behavior (Zimring & Hawkins, 1995). Today, incapacitation is the most common punishment for locking up offenders. According to Doris MacKenzie, incapacitation is depriving the offender of the capacity to commit criminal activity through imprisonment or capital punishment (MacKenzie, 2006). Incapacitation was original established to deter crime, rehabilitate criminal behavior, place criminals under supervision, and to instill discipline into the mind

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