Importance Of Risk Management In Banking

1107 Words5 Pages
The Indian Banking Industry is making a great advancement in terms of quality, quantity, expansion, diversification and is keeping up with updated technology, ability, stability and thrust of financial system, where commercial bank play very important role and emphasize a need of strong effective control system with extra concerned for risk involved in the business. Risk is inherent part of bank’s business. Effective risk management is critical to any bank for achieving financial soundness. Credit risk is most simply defined as the potential that a bank borrower or counterparty will fail to meet its obligations in accordance with agreed terms. The goal of credit risk management is to maximize a bank’s risk-adjusted rate of return by maintaining…show more content…
Large business houses are expanding their business, new entrepreneurs are setting up new businesses, and the risk factor related to failure in re-payment of debt is also increasing. Also there are many big businesses houses are also failing to re-pay debt, hence increasing the bank NPAs. So, the need of more efficiency in risk management becoming more important. 4.1 History of Credit Ratings Moody's was the first agency to issue publicly available credit ratings for bonds, in 1909, and other agencies followed suit in the decades after. These ratings didn't have a profound effect on the market until 1936, when a new rule was passed that prohibited banks from investing in speculative bonds, or those with low credit ratings, to avoid the risk. This practice was quickly adopted by other companies and financial institutions, and relying on credit ratings became the norm. 4.2 Credit Risk Rating When a bank gives debt to a person or entity, then the institute need to evaluate the credit worthiness of that person such as will he be able to repay the loan or not. The credit worthiness of that person or that entity is checked by taking into consideration various factors. This is known as credit…show more content…
Credit rating evaluates the debtor’s ability to pay back the loan and also the chance or probability of default. Credit ratings enable the bank to rank the borrowers according to this probability. Credit rating helps the bank to take credit decisions such as- terms and conditions associated with the loan amount, interest rate, maturity period, collateral securities, provision for other facilities such as advances overdraft etc. A rating can be assigned to any entity that seeks to borrow money – an individual, corporation, state or provincial authority, or sovereign government. Credit assessment and evaluation for companies and governments is generally done by a credit rating agency, or these rating agencies are paid by the entity that is seeking a credit rating for itself or for one of its debt

More about Importance Of Risk Management In Banking

Open Document