How Did Bath Influence Roman Culture

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The site for the Roman Baths in England was discovered by Roman soldiers in the 1st century AD. These soldiers were in awe of the seemingly divine water and commissioned architects and craftsmen to construct an establishment that would become the center of life in the Roman culture. Quickly, local tribes, officials, and traders began to frequent the Baths, and they became a place of relaxation and worship used by people from all walks of life. This central component in Roman lifestyle was a place of cure as well as a place of cleansing and comfort for the Roman people. These individuals sought care from their religious figures in order to cure their ailments, and Bath also served as a place of luxury and socialization in order for the Romans…show more content…
Due to the strong religious foundations of the Roman culture, it is not surprising that they turned to their gods when in search of aid for their ailments. Prayer and religious worship were large parts of the Roman lifestyle. When Bath was discovered, it was a site to pay respect to the Roman gods. The primary pool was viewed as a holy pool and a gift from the goddess Sulis Minerva. Minerva, also known as Athena, had a massive pediment erected 15 feet high in her honor. Warm water rising from underneath the ground seemed like a miracle to the Romans, and it was thought that bathing in Minerva’s water could help heal them. The Façade of the Four Seasons was also constructed with a pediment of the goddess of the moon, Luna. Sick Romans would travel to Bath in seek of divine help. They would sleep at this temple overnight and, in the morning, a priest of the god of healing, Aesculapius, would interpret their dreams. During any time of trouble, the Romans turned to their gods, and bath provided the ideal place for…show more content…
After undressing in a changing room, known as an apodyterium, they would enter a warm room called a caldarium. This room was built to cleanse the Roman people and, in this 1st century steam room, attendants would massage visitors with oils. This brought out the competitive nature of the Roman people, as men and women would silently compete over who was able to have the most attendants and most expensive massage oils. These rooms were constructed above the natural ground in order to heat the floors and, as a result, the Romans wore shoes in the room, as to not injure their feet. The Romans thus had a use for the soccus they had developed, which were slippers and could be worn to protect themselves. The tiles on the floor were brilliantly colored as well, and this love for color can be seen in the Roman clothing. The Roman toga was often embroidered with clavi and yellow, red, and gold tunics were very fashionable. As Roman society progressed, hair became more and more sophisticated. Women would take hours out of their lives every day in order to style their hair, and many would require the assistance of a ornatrix. Bath, an integral part of the Roman lifestyle, not only served as a place to style their hair into these intricate designs, but also likely as a place where these styles evolved. Hairstyles for women during the Roman era were so changing that many sculptures were designed in two separate pieces, so

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