Four Community Work Model

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Results Four community work models emerged The characteristics of the 22 community work teams were determined according to their work strategies and the ten selected practical variables (see Table 3). Four preliminary working models were crystallized: model A “Service and demonstration”, model B “Training and tutoring”, model C “Stimulating and encouraging” and model D “Consensus and action”. As the result, 9 teams were classified under model A “Service and demonstration,” 4 under model B “Train and tutor,” 4 under model C “Stimulate and encourage” and 5 under model D “Consensus and action,” based on their major characteristics. Furthermore, eight teams were also classified as mixed models for these teams’ minor characteristics. The models’…show more content…
An unstated presupposition of guiding community organizations and volunteers to provide public services is community workers’ main responsibility existing in model A and model B. In contrast, the last two models are not limited to the promised services. The presupposition of the model C “Stimulate and encourage” and model D “Consensus and action” is that the residents may act positively and mobilize their resources if the inner willingness were encouraged or if the developmental consensus were achieved. (Table 3 here) In the model A “Service and demonstration”, social workers adapted their service provision and demonstrative strategy for a change in the community. Social workers show how to offer service to stimulate the willingness of the leaders and the residents; they also transfer the service module to them. As a social worker said: We took a demonstrative approach, we did a service program for demonstration, for them…, expected them to learn and accept … I did it for them …., and wished them to take over. (HNTN-C-S-J-F-29) Our strategy is to introduce the program…., we serve people first ... and then invite the residents to participate our program slowly ….,…show more content…
In depth, Taiwan’s community plans were acquired from Western social and community policy. Further, the CDP of Taiwan was introduced by the United Nations and was associated with Rothman’s (2001) “community plan” model. The CCCP of Taiwan fulfilled the idea of community care, which in turn connects to Popple’s (1996) “community care” model. As for model C “Stimulating and encouraging” and model D “Consensus and action”, the main strategies and tactics of forming a consensus and action group by stimulating and encouraging discussion among people in functional communities could be viewed as being identical to the claim in Rothman’s (2001) “local development” model. People may see knowledge transmission within model A “Service and demonstration” and model B “Training and tutoring” clearly. In contrast, the knowledge transmission is less obvious in model C “Stimulate and encourage” and model D “Consensus and action”. To sum up, the models are meaningful for illustrating the practical appearance. And the models reflect their knowledge inheritance of Western community theories and

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