Food Insecurity In Africa

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Article 25 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that ; “1. Everyone has the right to standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.” This right does not satisfy the sanitary condition in Africa. It is discriminatingly awful, food and water are very insufficient and far from fundamental standards. The current population in Africa is growing rapidly. Countries with the highest total fertility are mostly located on the Sub-Saharan Africa. One example would…show more content…
The majority of the severest food crises in the 21st century was caused by a combination of several factors. The most widely recognized reasons or causes for food insecurity in African countries are drought and other extreme weather events in which they resulted in poor or failed harvests which resulted food shortage and high costs of accessible nourishment. Agricultural problems like pest and livestock disease, so in addition to extreme weather events, many failed harvests in African countries were likewise caused by pests and desert locust, also to add up other agricultural problems such as erosion, soil infertility etc. These all play a role in food insecurity. Also military conflicts, they worsen food insecurity. They may not be directly responsible for the food insecurity but they fuel the scarcity of food and most often prevent aid workers from reaching the victims of the food insecurity. Poverty and low income are also one of the factors that causes the food insecurity. This issue of nourishment instability is more serious in rural area as a result of the dense population in these regions and the fragmentation of agricultural property and the great variety in the circulation of wage and powerlessness of families to get satisfactory supplements…show more content…
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa has further undermined food security among the population of already vulnerable to it through dry seasons or drought and poverty by making extra weights on food production and distribution systems. Furthermore, food insecurity and lack of healthy sustenance can increase the danger of HIV disease for those who are exposed, and quicken the progression to AIDS and death among those contaminated or infected. Food insecurity has been postulated as an essential reason for sexual risk taking, especially among ladies living in poverty. Some studies have inspected the relationship between poverty and sex exchange, pressured sex, and conflicting condom use, but few have analyzed the particular effect of food insecurity on these behaviors. Like for example, in Nigeria, female sex workers identified poverty and absence of nourishment as conditions that drove them to start sex work. In a large population based study from Swaziland and Botswana, food insecurity was associated with conflicting condom use with a non-primary accomplice, sex trade, intergenerational sex, and absence of control in sexual relationship. Women who were food insecure and specifically the individuals who were widowed or who were raising children on their own, were routinely requested for sex by men in their

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