Empowerment Theory Essay

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This chapter takes a look at core theories and methodology for the logic behind this study. It takes into consideration theoretical background on human resource management, empowerment, work life balance, competence development and employee commitment. Armstrong M (2006) defines Human Resource Management (HRM) as a strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organization’s most valued assets - the people working there who individually and collectively contributes to the achievement of the objectives. Barney (1991) argued that human resources can provide a source of sustained competitive advantage when four basic requirements are met, that is, through valuable, rare, inimitable and well organized human resources. In line with this…show more content…
Also according to (Grandey, 2009) Previous studies have reported that this organizational focus leads to feelings of exclusion and unfairness among single employees and employees without children. When organizations are not surportive in giving flexible working hours, employees find it difficult to work, especially when they have other sensitive issues to deal with at home. Therefore organisations must appreciate and factor in these policies so as to prevent employees from feeling in the minority which could harm their commitment to the organization. In the most comprehensive, long-term study of empowerment-oriented practices, have empirically demonstrated the positive growth of empowerment practices in the last 15 years. Today, more than 70 percent of organizations surveyed have adopted some kind of empowerment initiative for some portion of their workforce. (Lawler, Mohrman, & Benson, 2001) the talk of empowerment aims at making employees feel some sense of duty with the tasks they are assigned to do. Randolph (1995) defines employee empowerment as “a transfer of power” from the employer to the employees. In practice, empowered employees have a high sense of self-efficacy and are given significant responsibility and authority over their jobs (Conger

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