Employee Welfare In India

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Review of Literature Sabarirajan, Meharajan and Arun (2010), were of opinion that textile industry being a highly labor intensive, needs to concentrate more on employee welfare. The findings of the research suggest that there is a significant positive relationship between welfare measures and level of work satisfaction. Most of the employees are highly benefited with the welfare measures provided by the mills. The employees show positive attitude towards the provision of the welfare measures. The study concludes that every organization provides statutory welfare measures but some organization provides beyond the statutory norms to the employees so that they may retain the employees and their quality of work life. By the result of improved quality…show more content…
It is second largest employer after Agriculture in India. Their study found that the owners of powerloom units failed to provide basic amenities to the workers. The majority of the workers were not satisfied with the working conditions of the factory. They were working with dust and fumes, no proper lighting and ventilation, ignorance of cleanliness, no care on hygienic conditions and no safety measures to avoid accidents. Their jobs were unsecured and majority of the workers were not satisfied with their jobs in terms of welfare facilities and wages. The study suggested that the weavers should emphasise on the working conditions in the factory according to Factory Act 1948 & Maharashtra Factories Rules 1963. The weavers should also enforce the Industrial & Labour Laws for the welfare of the powerloom workers. They should provide basic facilities in the factory for the…show more content…
But the conditions of workers deteriorated under the Muslim rule, especially in the Royal factories known as Shahi Karkhanas. The king knew little about the working of such factories. Workers were treated very harshly and were even flogged. The modern industrial working class grew up in the country after the advent of large scale industries. Most of the early industries were started by the Europeans. The temptation of cheap, helpless and submissive labour, used to long hours of work and a low standard of living, proved too strong for many who secured enormous profits by terrible sweating of men, women and children. Many attempts were made to improve their conditions by organising the workers. Government of the day also interfered by passing various laws in this direction. But it proved to be a futile exercise because of the fact that the object of the laws was not wholly the welfare of the workers but the measures were adopted either from the political point of view or from the point of view of increasing the cost of production of Indian industries. Industrialization gives birth to so many labour problems. Therefore, it is the paramount obligation of the State to deal with all such labour problems effectively and to enact laws relating to labour

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