Corruption In South Africa Essay

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South Africa is a relatively new democracy that emerged in 1994 after decades of struggle. During the years of struggle, South Africa was a fragmented country and the majority of its people were subjected to a corrupt political, social, economic and moral regime. After the government was elected democratically by the majority of its people, it embarked upon a programme to reconstruct and develop South Africa to the benefits of all its people. The programme of growth, reconstruction and development was faced with obstacles and legacies create by the apartheid regime. One of the obstacle was the prevalence of corruption. Today corruption is the most well-known challenge that countries face which threatens the development within states across…show more content…
Petty corruption refers to everyday abuse of entrusted power by public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens, who often are trying to access basic goods or services in place like police department, hospitals and other agencies (Transparency International, 2015). Political corruption refers to the manipulation of policies, institutions and rules of procedures in the allocation of resources and financing by political decision makers who abuse their position to sustain their power and status (Transparency International, 2014). 3. Why is Corruption a Problem? Traffic focus (2012) states that corruption is a universal problem that undermines growth and development by diverting resources away from development programmes thus increasing poverty, inequality and unemployment. Today, corruption in South Africa is a serious problem affecting all sectors of society and the most common form of corruption is bribery. According to Traffic focus (2012) public sector corruption drains state resources and weakens its capacity to meet the needs of its people and its ability to create opportunities for personal advancement and growth. According to traffic focus (2012) corruption in a public service affects the entire country since it cause problems for individuals,

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